European Union - Articles
The Greek Law 4071/2012 (ΟG 85Α/11-4-2012) "Arrangements for local development, decentralized government and administration - Incorporation of the Directive 2009/50/EC has been published. Articles 13 through 17 regulate waste management issues. More precisely, it enacts the Regional Solid Waste Management Authorities who will succeed the already-functioning FODSA.
With buildings, the revised energy efficiency plan proposed an annual binding refurbishing target of 3% of all public buildings – such as schools and libraries – for heat loss. The building sector as a whole accounts for 40% of Europe's energy consumption and public buildings make up 12% of the continent's building stock. However, opt-outs from the proposal have been given to social housing, and buildings under 250 square metres, such as post offices.
Despite their success in boosting crop production, using fertilisers in agriculture increases environmental risk, particularly with respect to water and soil pollution. Fertilisers can interfere with the natural balance of soil's microflora and cause acidification, for example.
The fertiliser industry essentially supplies three major plant nutrients – nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. The several other micro-nutrients can be incorporated into these key fertilisers or supplied as speciality products.
According to a November 2006 report by the Commission, the ETS has proven successful so far, with the latest official data showing that the 15 EU members which originally signed up to Kyoto had achieved a 2% CO2 cut in 2005 compared to 1990 levels. Furthermore, projections imply that, based on existing policies alone, this figure should rise to 7.4% by 2012 – just short of the Kyoto target.
Europe has put in place legislation to promote renewable energies but is now faced with the challenge of integrating increasing amounts of intermittent power sources like solar and wind into the electricity grid, running the risk of destabilising it.