European Union - Legislation
Reducing energy consumption and improving energy efficiency are among the main goals of the European Union (EU). The EU is aiming for a 20% cut in Europe's annual primary energy consumption by 2020. The Commission has proposed several measures to increase efficiency at all stages of the energy chain: generation, transformation, distribution and final consumption.
Renewable energy sources include wind, solar, hydro-electric and tidal power, geothermal energy and biomass. They are alternative sources of energy to fossil fuels – they not only help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from energy generation and consumption, but also assist on the reduction of the dependence on imports of fossil fuels.