Gasification Process - Introduction
Gasification is an environmentally sound way to transform any carbon-based material, such as coal, refinery byproducts, biomass, or even trash, into energy without burning it.
Instead, gasification produces a gas by creating a chemical reaction that combines those carbon-based materials (feedstock) with air or oxygen, breaking them down into molecules and removing pollutants and impurities. What’s left is a clean “synthesis gas” (syngas) that can be converted into electricity and valuable products, such as transportation fuels, fertilizers, substitute natural gas, or chemicals.
Schematically, we can illustrate the gasification process with the following chart:
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